EDI Document standards


In 1979, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Established the Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) X12 to create standardized guidelines for the electronic exchange of business transactions, known as electronic data interchange (EDI). Originally intended to support companies in various industries across North America, ANSI X12 has now become a widely adopted standard globally. Today, over 300,000 companies worldwide utilize X12 EDI standards in their daily business transactions, showcasing its broad industry acceptance and applicability. Additionally, ASC X12 also contributes to UN/EDIFACT messages, which are widely used outside of the United States. This collaboration ensures interoperability and harmonization between different international EDI standards, fostering seamless electronic data exchange on a global scale.


This standard was originally conceived in 1987 by the EAN General Assembly and was to be developed on the then emerging international UN/EDIFACT standard. The EANCOM messages, maintained by GS1, are more detailed in nature compared to the TRADACOMS message set. EANCOM was originally developed for the retail sector and has subsequently grown to become the most widely used UN/EDIFACT subset and is now found in a variety of other industry sectors such as healthcare, construction and publishing.


IDoc is a standardized format for electronic data interchange within the SAP system. It enables seamless integration and efficient data exchange between different modules and business processes within the SAP ecosystem, encompassing areas such as procurement, sales, logistics. With its structured framework and support for various communication modes, IDoc streamlines the exchange of transactional data, enhances operational efficiency, and ensures seamless integration within the SAP ecosystem.


TRADACOMS is a widely adopted EDI standard in the retail industry. It provides structured guidelines for exchanging retail-specific business documents, streamlining communication and improving efficiency. With preset templates and defined data segments, TRADACOMS ensures consistency and reduces errors in document exchange. It supports various modes of data transfer and addresses retail-specific requirements, facilitating seamless collaboration throughout the retail value chain.


OIOUBL, which stands for "Open Infrastructure Online Universal Business Language," is a widely adopted standard in Denmark for electronic business document exchange. It was developed by the Danish government and is based on the international standard UBL (Universal Business Language). OIOUBL provides a structured syntax and a set of standardized messages for seamless electronic data interchange in various industries.

OIOUBL is designed to facilitate efficient and secure business document exchange between buyers and suppliers, streamlining procurement, invoicing, and other business processes. It supports the exchange of a wide range of documents, including purchase orders, invoices, delivery notes, and credit notes. By using a common language and message format, OIOUBL enables standardized and automated communication between trading partners.


EDIFACT, which stands for Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce, and Transport, is an internationally recognized standard developed by the United Nations. The ongoing maintenance and development of this standard are overseen by the United Nations Center for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) under the UN Economic Commission for Europe.

EDIFACT provides a structured syntax and interactive exchange protocol for the seamless exchange of electronic business documents. It offers a comprehensive set of standard messages that enable the exchange of business documents across different countries and industries.

EDIFACT is widely utilized throughout Europe, as many companies adopted it early on.

Peppol BIS Billing

PEPPOL BIS Billing is a standardized format for electronic billing used in the PEPPOL network. It simplifies invoice processing and promotes interoperability between buyers and suppliers. Adopting PEPPOL BIS Billing streamlines invoicing, reduces errors, and enables seamless cross-border communication.


eBIS-XML 3.10, the latest BASDA standard, supports trading documents like invoices and orders, utilities billing, and sustainability data. It includes specific extensions for activities like Hire invoices and enables the exchange of environmental information and carbon impact details. The standard also facilitates energy billing and analysis of usage for companies with multiple sites. It allows for future expansion with sector-specific data and ensures compatibility across diverse industries.